Why aren’t more women angry? – Global issues

Source: World Economic Forum.
  • Opinion by Joseph Chamie (portland, united states
  • Inter Press Service

Women represent half of the world’s population and clearly play a vital role in the development, well-being and progress of humanity. Yet women are still discriminated against, mistreated, misogyny humiliating slanderand subordinate roles in virtually every major area of ​​human activity.

Despite their treatment, discrimination and subordination, most women do not express their anger. If the situation between the two sexes were reversed, men would certainly be angry and undoubtedly take the necessary steps to change the inequalities.

Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted nearly seventy-five years ago, extends all rights and freedoms equally to women and men and prohibits discrimination based on sex.

Some 40 years ago, the international community of nations took the convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women. And More recently, the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 5 strives for gender equality and empowerment of all women and girls.

Notwithstanding those various declarations, international agreements, conventions, platforms for action, and the progress achieved in recent decades, women remain stay behind men in rights, freedoms and equality.

From the very beginning of their lives, in some parts of the world, baby girls are often viewed less favorably than baby boys. Boys babies are still preferred over girl babies in many societies. In too many cases, the preference for sons has resulted in sex ratios at birth that are skewed in favor of males due to until pregnancy interventions by couples.

The natural sex ratio at birth for human populations is around 105 men per 100 women, although it can range from 103 to 107. Currently, at least seven countries, including the world’s two largest populations, have skewed sex ratios at birth due to son-preferred pregnancy interventions (Figure 1).

Why aren't more women angry? - Global issues Source: United Nations.

China and India have skewed sex ratios at birth of 113 and 110 males per 100 females, respectively. High sex ratios at birth are also observed in Azerbaijan (113), Vietnam (112), Armenia (111), Pakistan (109) and Albania (109). For the 1970-1975 period, when maternity interventions by couples were not yet widespread, sex ratios at birth for those seven countries were within the expected normal range.

In some countries, too, the imbalance between women and men persists throughout women’s lives. For example, in India, Pakistan and China, which together make up almost 40 percent of the world’s population, the sex ratios for their total populations are 108, 106 and 105 respectively. In contrast, the sex ratios of the populations are 100 in Africa and Oceania, about 97 in North America. Americas and Latin America and the Caribbean, and 93 in Europe (Figure 2).

Why aren't more women angry? - Global issues Source: United Nations.

While progress has been made in education in recent decades, in some countries, especially in Africa, the Middle East and South Asia, girls lag behind boys in primary education. For example, 78 girls in Chad and 84 girls in Pakistan for every 100 boys enrolled in elementary school.

Among young women between the ages of 15 and 24, approximately a quarter they are expected to not finish primary school. In addition, about two-thirds of the illiterate in the world are women.

In decision-making, women do not have a comparable political representation or level of participation as men. Worldwide the estimated percentages of women in national parliaments, local governments and leadership positions are 26, 36 and 28 percent respectively. Even in developed countries, such as the United States, women invent 27 percent of Congress, 30 percent of statewide elected officials, and 31 percent of state legislators.

The employment rate of women is also significantly lower than that of men. Globally aged 25 to 54, for example, 62 percent of women are part of the workforce compared to 93 percent of men. Also the majority of working women, or 58 percentin the informal economy earn relatively low wages and enjoy no social protection.

In general, women are employed in the lowest paid work. Worldwide, women earn approx 24 percent fewer than men, with 700 million fewer women than men in paid employment.

At least women perform twice as much unpaid care as men, including childcare, domestic work and care for the elderly. Unpaid care and household chores often come in addition to women’s paid work.

Increasing the participation of men in household tasks and care would contribute to a fairer distribution of those important household responsibilities. Also, a government provision of childcare for families with young children would help both women and men to combine their work with family responsibilities.

A global comparative measure of women’s position relative to men for regions and countries is gender equality table of contents† The index takes into account gender-related differences in four fundamental dimensions: eeconomic participation and opportunities, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment.

The regions with the highest gender equality are Western Europe and North America with parity indices of 78 and 76 respectively. In contrast, the regions with the lowest gender equality are South Asia and the Middle East and North Africa with parity indices of 62 and 61, respectively (Figure 3).

Why aren't more women angry? - Global issues Source: World Economic Forum.

With regard to countries, the top five countries with the highest gender equality are Iceland, Finland, Norway, New Zealand and Sweden, with parity indices ranging from 82 to 89. bottom five countries with the lowest gender equality are Afghanistan, Yemen, Iraq, Pakistan and Syria, with parity indices between 44 and 57.

Source: World Economic Forum.

In addition to the four fundamental dimensions of the Gender Equality Index listed above, other key areas reflecting women’s subordination include: misogynysexual harassment, domestic violence, intimate partner violenceand conflict related Sexual violence

Worldwide it is estimated that 27 percent of women aged 15 to 49 had experienced physical or sexual violence by close long-term partners, often with long-term negative effects on the health of both women and their children.

In addition, civil conflict in countries such as Ethiopia, Myanmar, South Sudan and Syria have all had alarming reports of: Sexual violence against women. More recently, conflict-related sexual violence by the Russian forces reported in Ukraine, which contributed to renewed attention by the international community on the sexual violence faced by women in conflict situations.

Sexual harassment of women is a widely distributed global phenomenon. Most women have experienced it, especially in public places, which are often considered the domain of men where the home is regarded as the place for women† the reported percentages of women who have experienced some form of sexual harassment in, say, India and Vietnam, are nearly 80 and 90 percent, respectively.

In addition to harassment, women in places like India face risks of cultural and traditional practices, human trafficking, forced labor and domestic servitude. In addition, the sexual harassment of women in the workplace are responsible for driving a lot to resign from their jobs.

Again, if men were faced with misannie, discrimination, abusive treatment, intimidation, and the subordination that women endure, they would be angry and intolerant and would no doubt turn to government officials, legislators, courts, corporations, rights organizations, and even the streets for equality. to demand. Women need to think seriously about the actions men would take if inequalities were reversed.

With women lagging behind men on rights, freedoms and equality, the puzzling question remains: why aren’t more women angry?

Joseph Chamie is a consulting demographer, former director of the United Nations Population Division, and author of numerous publications on population issues, including his recent book, “Births, Deaths, Migrations and Other Important Population Matters”

© Inter Press Service (2022) — All rights reservedOriginal source: Inter Press Service

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