What’s in the two-pronged arms deal and what isn’t?

One of the biggest factors yet to be addressed in the framework agreement is how the legislation will be written. The announcement includes the backing of 10 Republican senators, who would give the proposal enough support to overcome the Senate filibuster — but enforcing it through the legislative process will be a huge challenge for lawmakers to accomplish before the next congressional recess in two weeks. .

Still, Democrats have an ambitious goal: to draft the bill and keep Republicans on board for the next recess, aides tell CNN. Many of the details in the plan are still unclear, according to an employee, who also gave CNN a more detailed breakdown as of Sunday of how some of the proposed provisions would work.

Here’s what the legislators included in the box and what they left out.

‘Red Flag’ Laws

One of the most important parts of the framework is helping states create and implement so-called red flag laws, which aim to keep weapons out of the hands of those who pose a threat to themselves or others. This legislation would provide significant funding to help states create new red flag laws, but the 19 states — and Washington, D.C. — that already have these laws on the books would also qualify for funding to improve the effectiveness of the law. improve their established programs.

Investments in Mental Health and Telecare

The proposal also includes “major investments to increase access to mental health and suicide prevention programs; and other support services available in the community, including intervention and recovery from crises and trauma.”

Members will communicate these provisions carefully in the coming weeks, because while Democrats see them as important, they want to emphasize that most people who struggle with mental illness are not violent.

Closing the so-called loophole

The senators said the legislation will address the so-called boyfriend loophole, which concerns whether unmarried partners can keep guns if they are found guilty of assaulting a dating partner.

Earlier this year, Senate negotiators involved in the Violence Against Women Act dropped the provision over objections from the National Rifle Association, dealing a huge blow to Democrats. But its inclusion in this frame indicates that at least 10 Republicans are willing to go against the nation’s largest gun lobby on an issue where they occupy a long-held position.

Currently, only someone who is married to, cohabits with or has had a child with a partner for whom they have been convicted of abuse can no longer have a weapon. Closing the loophole would mean that anyone deemed to have been in a serious dating relationship and convicted of domestic violence would no longer be eligible to own a gun.

Improved review process for buyers under 21

The other major change in legislation is the introduction of a more thorough assessment process for people between the ages of 18 and 21 who are going to buy a weapon such as an AR-15. According to a background check, the National Instant Criminal Background Check System should also contact state and local law enforcement to look for disqualifying mental health or juvenile records, the Democratic aide said.

NICS should call the appropriate agency that reviews mental health records in every state. NICS would have up to 3 days to complete the search, but it could be extended for a further seven days if the initial assessment raises concerns, meaning the process could take a total of 10 days.

It is not a set wait time as each individual’s assessment can vary wildly from just a matter of hours to up to 10 days.

Clarifying the Definition of a Federally Licensed Firearms Dealer

The wording of this provision is still under debate, but it would require more firearms vendors who have proven “engaged in the sale of firearms” to be notified that they must register to become federally licensed firearms dealers. It’s important because it means those dealers must conduct background checks under federal law.

School Security Resources

The legislation would address an area Republicans have focused on in recent weeks: school security. The lawmakers said in their release that the proposal will provide funding “to help establish security measures in and around primary and secondary schools,” while also supporting “efforts to prevent violence in schools” and training for school staff and students.

What legislators have left out

Extensive background checks

In particular, the agreement does not contain a provision that would extend background checks for all firearms sales or transfers in the country. Currently, background checks are not required for arms sales and transfers by unauthorized and private sellers.

Democrats have long supported such a demand, and last year the House passed gun laws that would expand background checks on all commercial gun sales, marking Congress’s first step toward significant gun control since Democrats won the White House and held the majority in both Chambers of Congress. †

Ban on Assault Weapons

Also omitted is a federal ban on military-style assault weapons, another measure Democrats have pushed through in recent years, citing mass shootings involving such weapons.

Higher minimum purchase age

In addition, the agreement does not change the age at which a person must be to purchase an assault-style weapon. Democrats, including West Virginia Senator Joe Manchin, the most conservative Democrat in the room, have said the age to buy assault weapons should be raised from 18 to 21.

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