War in Ukraine proves Security Council ‘paralyzed by veto’

Marcelo Ebrard, Mexico’s foreign minister, represented his country at the 77th United Nations General Assembly on Thursday with a short speech. speech calling for reforms in the United Nations Security Council after the Council failed to prevent the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

“The Security Council has not been able to fulfill the mandate conferred on it by the Charter of the United Nations, as it has not been able to prevent the war, nor take the measures to end the armed aggression , and even less, has managed to lead every diplomatic process to find a solution through dialogue and negotiation,” the minister said, claiming his country will continue to push for reforms to the UN Security Council that add more seats. with a longer term.

Mexico, which is currently a non-permanent member of the Security Council, denounced the UN body as paralyzed by the veto power of its permanent members, which allows any of them to block any resolution or decision, regardless of the majority opinion within the Council. Russia, a permanent member of the Security Council, used veto power in February to block a UN Security Council resolution demanding an immediate end to their invasion of Ukraine.

China, the United States, the United Kingdom and France are the other four permanent members that have veto power over the legal body.

“The paralysis of the Security Council is the result of abuse of its so-called veto right by some of its permanent members,” Ebrard said, adding that Mexico, in addition to France, has continued to promote permanent members of the Security Council abstaining from the use of the veto.

Ebrard mentioned a peace proposal between Russia and Ukraine from far-left Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador. The proposal, presented to the United Nations ahead of the Mexican representative’s speech, “It concerns the establishment of a Caucus of Heads of State or Government” tasked with seeking a peaceful solution to the ongoing Russian invasion of Ukraine through dialogue and negotiations.

The proposed caucus, Ebrard suggested, should include UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Pope Francis.

The Mexican foreign minister continued his speech with a call for nuclear disarmament.

“Mexico deplores the lack of political will — especially on the part of nuclear-weapon states — to conclude agreements that would enable that goal to be achieved,” he said.

Ebrard concluded his speech by reaffirming that the United Nations must remain an instrument of the international community for the peaceful resolution of controversies. “We cannot close the door to political dialogue and diplomatic negotiations. Current international tensions will not be resolved by force,” he said.

The Mexican representative concluded his speech by calling on all UN member states to “work together for the peace we all long for”.
Christian K. Caruzo is a Venezuelan writer documenting life under socialism. You can follow him on Twitter here.

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