Urged by the Supreme Court, a nation divides along a red-blue axis

As the political divide between states widens, what political scientists call “sorting” may accelerate. Conservative Illinois billionaire Kenneth Griffin announced last week that he had moved to Miami from Chicago and was taking Citadel, his hedge fund, with him. He told his employees that Florida offered a better business environment.

At the same time, Ms. Caprara said the Pritzker administration routinely brags about the state’s hospitable political environment, where abortion rights have been codified and businesses will never be in the position the Walt Disney Company now occupies in Florida — sandwiched between a conservative government that promotes gay rights. and transgender rights, and liberal consumers demanding a downturn in business.

“Companies don’t want to deal with people boycotting their companies, or struggling to get people to move to them, especially younger employees,” she said.

Joanna Turner Bisgrove, 46, a primary care physician at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, had worked her entire professional life in Oregon, Wisconsin, a small town south of Madison, when her hospital was bought by a Catholic health care chain, which began restrictions on to lay. abortion and transgender care. After the Wisconsin legislature took up the issue of transgender girls in sports, she said, her gender-fluid child and the child’s circle of friends became magnets for bullying so much that it made the local news.

Nearly a year ago, the Bisgroves finally moved across the red-blue border to Evanston, Illinois, where, said Dr. Bisgrove, her children would be accepted and her medical practice could thrive.

“In the end,” she said, “my morals would not be in line with what I could do.”

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