Occupation, Discrimination Fueling the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, Recurrent Violence — Global Problems

The finding is contained in the Independent International Commission of Inquiry’s first report on the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem and Israel, issued last May by the UN Human Rights Council.

The Commission said occupation and discrimination are the main causes of the recurrent tensions, instability and protracted nature of the conflict in the region.

‘Asymmetric’ conflict

In addition, impunity is fueling increased resentment among the Palestinian people, with forced displacement, destruction, settlement building and the blockade of Gaza, some of the key factors contributing to recurring cycles of violence.

“The findings and recommendations relevant to the root causes have focused predominantly on Israel, which we have seen as an indicator of the asymmetric nature of the conflict and the reality that one state is occupying another,” said Navanethem Pillay, president of the United Nations. the Commission, which also served as the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2008-2014.

The report was released after members reviewed the recommendations of past commissions of inquiry and fact-finding missions, as well as other UN mechanisms, and their own hearings.

The Commission has also undertaken two missions to Geneva and one to Jordan, and has consulted with various stakeholders, including Israeli and Palestinian civil society organisations.

Ignore the call

Ms Pillay said members felt previous recommendations “have been largely not implemented,” including calls to account for Israel’s violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, and the indiscriminate firing of rockets by Palestinian armed groups at Israel.

“It is this lack of implementation coupled with a sense of impunity, clear evidence that Israel has no intention of ending the occupation, and continued discrimination against Palestinians that are at the heart of the systematic repetition of violations in both the occupied Palestinian territories. , including East Jerusalem and Israel,” she said.

The report focused on findings and recommendations directly related to the root causes of recurring tensions, instability and ongoing conflict. The key recommendations have not been implemented, and this is at the heart of the conflict, it said.

No end in sight

The Commission identified several overarching issues underlying most of its recommendations, such as Israel’s inability to comply with war laws and customs, including belligerent occupation, violations and abuses of individual and collective rights, and a lack of accountability. .

“Our examination of the findings and recommendations of previous UN mechanisms and bodies clearly indicates that ending Israel’s occupation, in full compliance with Security Council resolutions, remains essential to halt the ongoing cycle of violence,” said Commissioner Miloon Kothari.

“Only with the end of the occupation can the world begin to undo historical injustices and move towards self-determination of the Palestinian peoples,” he added.

However, according to Commissioner Chris Sidoti, it is clear that Israel has no intention of ending the occupation.

“In fact, it has established a clear policy to ensure full permanent control over the occupied Palestinian territories. This includes changing the demographics of these areas by maintaining a repressive environment for Palestinians and a favorable environment for Israeli settlers,” he said.

“Israel’s policies and actions are fueling Palestinian frustration and a sense of despair. They fuel the cycle of violence and perpetuation of conflict.”

Fig leaf for violations in Palestine

The Commission’s report also noted that the Palestinian Authority often uses the occupation as a justification for its own human rights violations and as the main reason for failing legislative and presidential elections.

Meanwhile, the de facto authorities in Gaza, controlled by Hamas militants who seceded after winning the 2006 elections, have shown little commitment to upholding human rights and failing to comply with international humanitarian law.

Investigations upcoming

The report will be presented at the 50th regular session of the UN Human Rights Council, which starts next week in Geneva.

The Commission will investigate and conduct legal analysis into alleged violations and abuses, and will work with judicial accountability mechanisms to ensure individual, state and corporate accountability.

Members will also carefully assess the responsibilities of third States and those of private actors in continuing occupation policies.

Experts appointed to UN Commissions of Inquiry are mandated by the Human Rights Council.

They are not UN personnel, nor do they receive a salary for their work.

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