THE Great Pyramid of Giza is said to have been built in 20 years and was completed in 2560 BC.
Here’s everything you need to know about the oldest seven wonders of the world.
Where is the Great Pyramid of Giza and how old is it?
The Great Pyramid of Giza, is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in Giza, Egypt.
As the name suggests, it is located in Giza, a city on the west bank of the Nile River, close to Cairo.
It is about 4500 years old.
The Great Sphinx is also there.
The pyramid is part of a complex of three great pyramids in the Giza Necropolis, part of a Unesco World Heritage Site
Experts believe that the construction of the Great Pyramid took 20 years using 100,000 slaves.
About 2.3 million blocks would have to be shipped from quarries up to 500 miles away.
The square sides of the pyramid are 756 feet long and the whole thing is estimated to weigh 5.8 million tons.
With a height of 145 meters including the tip, which is no longer extant, it was the tallest man-made structure for over 3,800 years until Lincoln Cathedral was completed in 1311.
It was originally believed that the pyramid was completely covered with white capstones, creating a smooth surface.
A few of these stones can still be seen near the base.
Who was buried in the Great Pyramid of Giza?
It was built as a tomb for the fourth dynasty pharaoh Khufu, also known as Cheops, and his queen.
Khufu is believed to have reigned in the 26th century BC from 2589 BC to 2566 BC.
Few details about the ruler are known, all information comes from inscriptions in his necropolis at Giza and later documents.
He is believed to have had two wives, Meritites I and later Henutsen.
Inside the pyramid are three chambers – the Queen’s Chamber and the King’s Chamber, connected by the Grand Gallery.
Another unfinished room is under the pyramid.
Shafts leading out were once thought to be for ventilation, but some experts believe they point to stars in the sky and are meant to help the spirit ascend to heaven.
Pyramids building in Egypt reached its peak with the fourth dynasty of pharaohs, which saw constructions at both Giza and Dashur.
Pyramids were not built in isolation, but were only part of a pyramid complex.
Other elements usually included a satellite pyramid, other minor pyramids for queens, a mortuary temple, a valley temple, and a causeway between them.
There were shrines, burial pits for boats and graves for other relatives and nobles.
The main complex was surrounded by a wall and was often part of a larger necropolis, or “city of the dead”.
In August 2018, it was discovered that the pyramid can concentrate electromagnetic energy in its internal chambers and its base.
Scientists have deduced that the pyramid concentrates this electromagnetic energy in its hidden chambers, including chambers containing the remains of Pharoah Khufu and his wife.
But scientists believe it’s highly unlikely that the ancient Egyptians knew anything about the science behind it and wouldn’t have deliberately built it this way.
Can I visit the Great Pyramid of Giza?
You can get a tour of the Great Pyramid of Giza from Egypt.
The tour lasts approximately eight to ten hours and also includes activities such as camel riding.
You will also go around some of the other historical pyramids and the Sphinx while learning about their heritage.
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