Five countries elected to serve on the UN Security Council — Global Issues

Ecuador, Japan, Malta, Mozambique and Switzerland will join the UN body responsible for maintaining global peace and security from January 2023.

The Speaker of the General Assembly, Abdulla Shahid, announced the results and the ambassadors applauded each country after the name was read.

Selecting Council Members

The Security Council consists of 15 countries. Five of them – China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States – are permanent members with veto power.

The General Assembly, which is made up of all 193 UN member states, elects the 10 non-permanent members for a two-year term.

To secure a seat on the Council, countries must obtain a two-thirds majority, or 128 votes, even if they join undisputedly.

This year, candidates competed for five seats in three regional groups: two for countries in Africa and Asia-Pacific, one for Latin America and the Caribbean, and two for Western Europe and other states.

Counting votes

A total of 192 UN member states took part in the elections.

The ballots contained the names of all countries submitted at least 48 hours before the vote. Additional blank lines corresponding to the number of vacant seats were also provided to include any other names.

The five new non-permanent members ran largely unchallenged.

In the Africa and Asia-Pacific group, Mozambique received 192 votes, marking its first seat on the Council. Japan received 184 votes and Mongolia three.

Ecuador, the only candidate from Latin America and the Caribbean, received 190 votes, with two countries abstaining.

Switzerland will also be a newcomer to the Council. The country received 187 votes and Malta 185 votes, again with two abstentions.

The five newly elected countries will join Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana and the United Arab Emirates around the Security Council’s signature horseshoe table.

They will replace India, Ireland, Kenya, Mexico and Norway, which will leave their seats by the end of this year.

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