A Look at Other Mass Disasters: NPR

A security guard and an unidentified man look at an area where several people were killed when they were caught in a rising crowd entering Cincinnati’s Riverfront Coliseum for a concert by The Who on December 3, 1979.

Brian Horton/AP


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Brian Horton/AP

A Look at Other Mass Disasters: NPR

A security guard and an unidentified man look at an area where several people were killed when they were caught in a rising crowd entering Cincinnati’s Riverfront Coliseum for a concert by The Who on December 3, 1979.

Brian Horton/AP

MALANG, Indonesia – Police fired tear gas after violence broke out at an Indonesian football match in East Java province when Persebaya Surabaya defeated Arema Malang 3-2. Panic and a rush to the exit left at least 125 dead, most of whom were trampled, police said on Sunday. Here’s a look at some of the major mass disasters in recent decades:

December 3, 1979 — Eleven people are killed as thousands of fans rush to attend a The Who concert at Riverfront Coliseum in Cincinnati.

January 20, 1980 — A temporary four-story wooden stadium collapses during a bullfight in Sincelejo, Colombia, killing some 200 spectators.

October 20, 1982 – Sixty-six people die in a crush of fans leaving a UEFA Cup match between Spartak Moscow and Haarlem, Netherlands, at Moscow’s Luzhniki Stadium.

May 28, 1985 – Thirty-nine people died in fan violence during the 1985 European Cup final between Liverpool and Juventus at the Heysel Stadium in Brussels.

March 13, 1988 — Ninety-three people are killed when thousands of football fans storm the closed stadium exits to escape a sudden hailstorm in Kathmandu, Nepal.

April 15, 1989 — At the crowded Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England, 97 people are killed and hundreds injured in front of a crowd of fans. One victim died in 2021 of aspiration pneumonia, to which he had remained vulnerable from injuries from the disaster.

July 2, 1990 — During the annual Hajj in Saudi Arabia, 1,426 Muslim pilgrims, mostly from Asia, die in and around a long pedestrian tunnel leading from Mecca to Mina.

January 13, 1991 – Forty-two people are killed as fans try to escape brawling at South Africa’s Oppenheimer Stadium.

May 23, 1994 – A mob of pilgrims on the Hajj leaves 270 Muslim pilgrims dead.

November 23, 1994 – A panicked crush during a political protest in Nagpur, India, leaves 113 dead.

October 16, 1996 — Eighty-four people die and 147 are injured when panicked fans are crushed and choked before a World Cup qualifier between Guatemala and Costa Rica in Guatemala City.

April 9, 1998 – A crowd of pilgrims on a bridge in Mecca leaves 118 Hajj pilgrims dead.

April 11, 2001 — At least 43 people are crushed to death during a soccer game at Ellis Park in Johannesburg, South Africa.

May 9, 2001 — More than 120 people are killed when police fire tear gas at the rowdy crowd at a stadium in the Ghanaian capital Accra, sparking panic.

February 17, 2003 — Twenty-one are crushed to death in the stairway exit to E2, a Chicago nightclub.

February 20, 2003 — Stage fireworks at a Great White concert at Station nightclub in Warwick, Rhode Island, set a fire that kills 100 people and injures more than 200 others.

February 1, 2004 — A panic during a hajj ritual at the Jamarat Bridge near Mecca kills 251 people.

January 25, 2005 – A panic among Hindu pilgrims near Mandhradevi Temple in Maharashtra, India, kills 265 people.

August 31, 2005 – At least 640 Shia Muslim pilgrims in Baghdad are killed when a bridge railing collapses during a religious procession, sending dozens of people pouring into the Tigris River.

January 12, 2006 – A panic among Muslim pilgrims during a hajj ceremony near Mecca kills 345 people.

February 4, 2006 – Seventy-eight people are killed in a panicked crush that occurred during a stampede at the PhilSports Arena in Manila, Philippines, while waiting to audition for a TV show.

September 30, 2008 – At least 168 people are killed and 100 injured when thousands of Hindu pilgrims are trapped in panic at a temple in Jodhpur, India.

July 24, 2010 — Twenty-one people die and more than 650 are injured in the twinkling of an eye in a crowded tunnel that was the sole gateway to the Love Parade music festival in Duisburg, Germany.

November 22, 2010 — More than 340 people are killed and hundreds more injured in a panicked crush at a festival in the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh.

January 27, 2013 – A fire kills more than 200 people at the Kiss nightclub in Santa Maria, Brazil.

September 24, 2015 – At least 2,411 Muslim pilgrims die in an instant during Hajj in Saudi Arabia.

April 30, 2021 — Forty-five people are killed and dozens more injured in a panicked crush during the annual pilgrimage to Mount Meron in Israel.

November 5, 2021 – Fans of a music festival in Houston rush to the stage during a performance by rapper Travis Scott, sparking panic that killed 10 people and injured many more.

October 1, 2022 — Police fire tear gas after violence erupts after an Indonesian football match, sparking a stampede to the exit that left at least 125 dead and more than 100 injured.

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