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The full-scale war between Russia and Ukraine has reached the 100-day mark and the end is not yet in sight.
The war has had devastating consequences, with thousands dead on both sides, including many Ukrainian civilians, entire Ukrainian cities in ruins and with hefty international sanctions against Russia.
The conflict has forced millions of Ukrainians to flee their homes, including an estimated two-thirds of the country’s children. With so many people displaced in the country and even more fleeing to other countries, “this is the largest human displacement crisis in the world today,” according to the United Nations Refugee Agency.
Many return to Ukraine
Still, the appalling conditions have not prevented people from returning to parts of Ukraine, as violence is increasingly concentrated in the south and east of the country.
The United Nations Refugee Agency, known as UNHCR, has recorded nearly 7 million border crossings from Ukraine since February 24, when Russia launched the invasion. Now more than 2 million people have returned to Ukraine.
“In recent weeks, more people have returned to Ukraine than they have left the country,” said Frontex, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency.
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Ukraine defended its capital and the battle shifted elsewhere
After months of armed conflict, both the Russian and Ukrainian military have had some success, according to NPR’s Ryan Lucas, reporting from Kiev:
“Ukraine held back Russia’s first attack on Kiev in the early weeks of the war and eventually completely repelled Russian troops from across the capital.
“Russia has since regrouped, concentrating its efforts in eastern and southern Ukraine, where it has found more success. Russian forces have taken a large swath of territory in the south, including the town of Mariupol, which for weeks resisted a ferocious Russian attack. attack before finally falling. In the eastern Donbas region, Russian troops are slowly making gains in a crushing artillery battle.”
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To visualize the changes this conflict has undergone, the United Kingdom’s Ministry of Defense has created a card animation with the first large-scale Russian incursions, followed by Ukrainian gains and a broad shift eastward:
1/2 Russia’s attack on northern Ukraine ended in costly failure. Russia failed to implement its own principles of war. With the limited combat readiness of many units, it spread its forces too thin without adequate support from artillery and combat aircraft. pic.twitter.com/wujUf41NXd
— Ministry of Defense 🇬🇧 (@DefenceHQ) June 3, 2022
The war has taken a huge toll on the ordinary inhabitants. The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights says 4,183 civilians, including 268 children, have been killed and more than 5,000 injured since the invasion began.
The agency, known as the OHCHR, says it believes the actual numbers are much higher given the delays in reporting and confirmation.